Chronology of Acts and the Epistles

I skimmed to Hebrews, and hope to read the remainder carefully soon. Silas penned for both Paul and Peter, giving him unique credentials and positioning in 1st century fellowship. Interesting correspondences both in vocabulary and theological thought glow when Hebrews is read closely next to the Petrine epistles. In Galatians we will find the real challenge! Great work, Lydia. Yes, I’m not super-committed to Pauline authorship of Hebrews, but I wanted to fit it in for completeness’ sake and because I was interested in the possible correspondence between the note about Timothy and what Paul said about Timothy in Philippians. Your point about is interesting, but I would compare I Corinthians , where Paul says that he did receive the gospel from others, which he is about to recount. I think it would be overly rigid to argue because of Galatians that he must in I Corinthians be saying that he got a direct divine revelation that Jesus appeared to James, Cephas, the twelve, etc.

Dating the Pauline epistles from scratch.

The remaining books of the New Testament contain letters written by early Christian leaders and taken by messengers to the new churches recently established across the Roman world. The letters — from Paul , Peter , James , John and Jude — were written to encourage believers in the face of persecution, to explain the Christian faith and to point out its relevance to everyday life. Paul’s Letters Paul dictated his letters to an amanuensis a scribe who attempted to copy his words verbatim using his exact words.

Paul started life as a Jewish Pharisee, thriving on intense religious debate and steeped in obscure arguments about the Jewish law. The order in which Paul’s letters appear in The Bible Journey. Go to next page.

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture.

Dating the epistles of Paul from scratch, without recourse to either the Acts of the Apostles or to patristic tradition, is an interesting exercise in its own right. Here are the main indications as I see them:. Dating the Pauline epistles from scratch. Chronological considerations. Here are the main indications as I see them: On the terminus post quem side of things, S. Carlson has pointed out that Corinth was razed to the ground some years before Christ and was not refounded until 44 years before Christ.

About 77 years before Christ Cicero wrote in Tusculan Disputations 3.

Authorship of the Pauline epistles

Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Nearly all of them were pious lists that emphasized reading in an order that reinforces a particular theology. But first: an explanation. The late Marcus Borg urged us to read the New Testament in the order in which the books were actually written rather than the order in which they appear in modern Bibles. Don’t read Acts, don’t read the gospels.

Date: A.D. 49 or The date when Paul penned this letter depends on the destination of the letter. There are two main views, The North Galatian.

There are many scholarly theories as to the ‘when’ and ‘where’ of the individual letters, but a possible dating might be:. There are thirteen Pauline letters, even if not all of them were physically written by Paul. The Letter to the Hebrews does not claim to be written by Paul, nor does the Church state that it is written by him. Stylistically and theologically it is altogether different from Paul; for example, in its interest in the sacrificial cult and high priesthood.

The ‘canon’, or authorized list, of Paul’s letters was established some time in the late first or early second century. We do not know when, where or by whom this was done, but some body or bodies collected whatever writings of Paul, to churches or to individuals, that were available. Already by this time some of Paul’s letters had been lost.

For instance, in Colossians he mentions a letter to the Laodiceans, which we do not have. And while we know of two letters from him to the Corinthians, it seems that he sent them at least two other letters that we do not have: a letter on the subject of immorality 1 Cor ; and a certain ‘tearful letter’ which had caused the Corinthians much pain 2 Cor , Paul may have written many more letters than those which we have, especially by way of ‘occasional correspondence’, i.

Authorship and Date of NT Writings

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8 The Dates of Paul’s Letters. Paul’s Letters Paul dictated his letters to an amanuensis (a scribe) who attempted to copy his words verbatim (using his exact​.

By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy , Privacy Policy , and our Terms of Service. Christianity Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for committed Christians, experts in Christianity and those interested in learning more. It only takes a minute to sign up. Dale Martin of Yale University a Professor of Religious Studies – not strictly a theologian suggests in his undergraduate course that the names for the gospels were attached to them significantly after their writing.

Therefore they could not be dated by knowing the author and historical criticism techniques such as dependency of Luke on other works, seeing Luke as part of Luke-Acts which suggests it is after Paul and Peter are out of the picture etc. Alternatively, if the historical Luke did write Luke-Acts, he could have been much younger than Paul and therefore have written it at a later date.

There are multiple ways this could be logically consistent. Paul’s epistles were written by Paul. Since his mission covers the time of King Aretus of Nabataea as well as the Great Famine, we can reliably date the epistles to around the first half of the first century. The assumption that Acts must have been written within a generation of the life of Paul is based on an underlying assumption that Luke was the author of Acts.

However, both the Gospel of Luke and Acts were originally anonymous and were only attributed to Luke later in the second century. Modern arguments for Lucan authorship of Acts include the eyewitness nature and considerable detail that it contains, but this need only suggest good rhetorical skills. Ehrman says in Forged , page , that at just about every point where it is possible to check what Acts says about Paul with what Paul says about himself in his authentic letters, there are discrepancies.

Dating the New Testament

BFF is now on Facebook! Please visit and join us in releasing God’s powerful Word to our generation! God’s peace can help us live above anxieties as we learn to trust in Him! The Apostle Paul wrote numerous letters or epistles and makes it difficult to keep them straight.

Placement, order, and dating of Pauline epistles hadn’t happened yet or Paul hadn’t heard about it yet when he sent these three letters.

Donor Portal Login. Search verses, phrases, and topics e. John , Jesus faith love. Other Searches. Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness. Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one’s mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

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Paul, The Letters of

Of the 21, 13 belong to the Pauline corpus; the Letter to the Hebrews is included in the Pauline corpus in the East but not, however, in the West. Three letters of this corpus, the Pastoral Letters, are pseudonymous and thus are not considered here. Of the remaining 10, the Letters to the Colossians and Ephesians are from the hand of a later Pauline follower and II Thessalonians is spurious.

How this Pauline corpus was collected and published remains obscure, but letters as part of Holy Scripture were an early established phenomenon of Christianity. The church was poor and widespread, and, in the early stages, expected an imminent Parousia. More formal sacred writings were thus superseded in importance by letters e.

The date of Paul’s birth depends on the dating of Philemon. Traditionally it is dated during his in Rome. Pauline Letters and Epistles. • A.D. Letters to the.

New Testament chronology page. See History. For the letters explicitly attributed to Paul the apostle a. Saul of Tarsus it is almost always possible to determine where they were written except Galatians and Titus and when they were written except Galatians based on information provided in the letters themselves. Names of letters and their places of writing are in red and dates and major time periods are in green.

These are always mentioned at the very beginning of each letter. Sometimes a coauthor seems to have had little or no actual part in the writing, but was more in the role of someone who affirmed what Paul had written, since Paul often writes the entire letter in first person singular as if there is no coauthor.

The other letters will be somewhere in between. These are indicated with a grey background. Letter , Time Period , or Key Event. Date , coauthor if any, etc.

The Bible Project: The Pauline Epistles